Greater Peoria Metro Area, IL

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What Are Terpenes


Submitted by nuEra


Terpenes, often overshadowed by cannabinoids like THC and CBD in cannabis, are aromatic compounds that significantly influence the sensory and therapeutic experiences of cannabis users. They are found in various plants, spices, and herbs, and contribute to the scent, flavor, and color of cannabis strains. This article explores the science and benefits of terpenes, particularly their medical potential.

Terpenes differ from cannabinoids; they have psychoactive properties but do not cause a high. Instead, they can alter how cannabinoids interact with the brain, affecting the type of high experienced. For instance, beta-caryophyllene binds to CB2 receptors, potentially aiding in anxiety relief and stress reduction. Terpenes can enhance mood, relieve stress, and offer health benefits, working in tandem with cannabinoids to produce the entourage effect, which elevates cannabis’s therapeutic properties.

The relationship between terpenes and cannabinoids is crucial. Terpenes interact with the endocannabinoid system differently from cannabinoids. They are absorbed and utilized uniquely by the body, contributing to the therapeutic and sensory experience of cannabis. They can modulate the psychoactive impact of THC, with certain terpenes like limonene and linalool influencing the effects. Exploring strains and their terpene compositions can help users find profiles that fit their needs.


The most common cannabis terpenes with medicinal benefits include:

  • Caryophyllene:
    Known for its spicy, peppery aroma, caryophyllene acts like a cannabinoid and may aid in stress relief. It has anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects, potentially treating chronic pain without developing tolerance.

  • Humulene:
    This earthy, hop-like terpene is found in hops, cloves, and ginger. It shows potential in preventing allergic reactions and asthma and may have a protective effect against cancer.

  • Limonene:
    With a citrusy scent, limonene has anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiviral, antidiabetic, and anticancer properties. It modulates immune cell behavior, enhancing overall health and the therapeutic profile of cannabis.

  • Linalool:
    Abundant in lavender, linalool is used in aromatherapy for relaxation. It exhibits anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, neuroprotective, antidepressant, anticancer, and anti-anxiety effects, making it vital for cannabis strains aimed at relaxation and stress relief.

  • Myrcene:
    Present in hops, lemongrass, and thyme, myrcene is a potent antioxidant, protecting the brain and heart from oxidative damage. It has anti-inflammatory properties, potentially benefiting conditions like osteoarthritis.


Understanding these terpenes enhances not only the enjoyment of cannabis but also informs choices for wellness goals. The interplay between terpenes and cannabinoids suggests potential for holistic health approaches. Terpenes like limonene, myrcene, and linalool transform each use, catering to personal preferences and moods.


At nuEra, patient advocates guide customers toward blends that suit their needs. For more information about medicinal cannabis or to book a consultation, contact nuEra at 309-966-9830 or visit